Children with ADHD – a Comprehensive Approach to Education
Successfully teaching children with ADHD is a challenge to all schools and teachers. A comprehensive approach to their education is required in order to be successful. While tips and techniques commonly shared between teachers and educators all have their place, a more overall approach is needed.
Children with ADHD present multiple symptoms that require intervention for their education to be successful, so a multifaceted approach is needed. One approach that has been found successful involves three overlapping areas that educators can focus on. These three avenues are instructional strategies, behaviour management strategies and collaboration between the home and school.
When considering the instructional strategies to be used to help ADHD children, classroom approaches need to be modified to take their needs into account. This doesn't mean neglecting the rest of the class! Methods of handling curriculum content and lesson presentation need to be developed that will be successful. This requires adjusting lesson plans to formats and procedures that are within the ADHD child's range of ability. A continuous process of monitoring effectiveness is needed and realignment of the method's used in the classroom may be needed on an ongoing basis.
Behavior management strategies are an important area for the ADHD child's teacher to know, since the ADHD child's behavior is likely to impact not only the instructional strategies for the child but integration with the rest of the class and the child's peers. Strategies such as antecedent-consequent behavior modification strategies, schedules and routines, behavior contracts, behavior boundaries, positive and negative reinforcement, etc., are all methods that can be used to help the ADHD child. Many of these strategies can be applied classroom-wide, thereby avoiding singling out the ADHD child. In fact, many of them will help other children as well, but the ADHD child needs the comprehensive approach outlined here.
It's essential with ADHD children to promote collaboration between the home and school. Ongoing communication with the child's parent is vital. There are a variety of means of communication with parents and it is important not to be too rigid in the method used but to find a method that suits both the teacher and the parent. The main thing is to communicate consistently!
Communication with parents needs to be positive and supportive. Due to the disruptive nature of ADHD, negative reports are likely to predominate, unless a proactive approach to positive communication is made. Bear in mind that since ADHD is frequently an inherited condition, you may be dealing with a parent with similar traits.
Collaboration between parents and teachers is important to keep on the rails with setting and achieving goals, both for behavior and schoolwork, for coordinating homework, developing action plans and for monitoring any medication that is in use.
This is an outline of a comprehensive approach to education for ADHD children. Subsequent pages will develop each facet in more detail. To receive notifications when new pages are added, please feel free to subscribe by Email or by feed reader.
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